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Revista Medica de Chile Enero 2016

EDITORIAL 13 collaboration with those who collected the data. However, because collaboration will not always be possible, practical, or desired, an alternative means of providing appropriate credit needs to be developed and recognized in the academic community. We welcome ideas about how to provide such credit. Data sharing is a shared responsibility. Editors of individual journals can help foster data sharing by changing the requirements of the manuscripts they will consider for publication in their journals. Funders and sponsors of clinical trials are in a position to support and ensure adherence to IPD sharing obligations. If journal editors become aware that IPD sharing obligations are not being met, they may choose to request additional information; to publish an expression of concern; to notify the sponsors, funders, or institutions; or in certain cases, to retract the publication. In the rare situation in which compliance with these requirements is impossible, editors may consider authors’ requests for exceptions. If an exception is made, the reason(s) must be explained in the publication. Sharing data will increase confidence and trust in the conclusions drawn from clinical trials. It will enable the independent confirmation of results, an essential tenet of the scientific process. It will foster the development and testing of new hypotheses. Done well, sharing clinical trial data should also make progress more efficient by making the most of what may be learned from each trial and by avoiding unwarranted repetition. It will help to fulfill our moral obligation to study participants, and we believe it will benefit patients, investigators, sponsors, and society. ICMJE Members identified as authors of this Editorial Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Secretary, ICMJE, Executive Deputy Editor, Annals of Internal Medicine Joyce Backus, MSLS, Representative and Associate Director for Library Operations, National Library of Medicine Christopher Baethge, MD, Chief Scientific Editor, Deutsches Ärzteblatt (German Medical Journal) Howard Bauchner, MD, Editor-in-Chief, JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) and the JAMA Network Peter W. de Leeuw, MD, Editor-in-Chief, Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (The Dutch Medical Journal) Jeffrey M. Drazen, MD, Editor-in-Chief, New England Journal of Medicine John Fletcher, MB, BChir, MPH, Editor-in-Chief, Canadian Medical Association Journal Frank A. Frizelle, MBChB, FRACS, Editor-in-Chief, New Zealand Medical Journal Trish Groves, MBBS, MRCPsych, Head of Research, British Medical Journal Abraham Haileamlak, MD, Editor-in-Chief, Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences Astrid James, MBBS, Deputy Editor, The Lancet Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor-in-Chief, Annals of Internal Medicine Larry Peiperl, MD, Chief Editor, PLOS Medicine Anja Pinborg, MD, Scientific Editor-in-Chief, Ugeskrift for Laeger (Danish Medical Journal) Peush Sahni, MBBS, MS, PhD, Representative and Past President, World Association of Medical Editors Sinan Wu, MD, Representative, Chinese Medical Journal Feedback may be posted at www.icmje.org by 18 April 2016. Note: This editorial is being published simultaneously in Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, Canadian Medical Association Journal, Chinese Medical Journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt (German Medical Journal), Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (The Dutch Medical Journal), New England Journal of Medicine, New Zealand Medical Journal, PLOS Medicine, Revista Médica de Chile, The Lancet, and Ugeskrift for Laeger (Danish Medical Journal). Disclaimer: Dr. Sahni's affiliation as representative and past president of the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) does not imply endorsement by WAME member journals that are not part of the ICMJE. Disclosures: Disclosures can be viewed at www.acponline. org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum= M15-2928. Corresponding Author: Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, American College of Physicians, 190 N. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106; e-mail, dtaichman@acponline. org. Ann Intern Med. 2016. doi:10.7326/M15-2928 Reference 1. Institute of Medicine. Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maximizing Benefits, Minimizing Risk. Washington, DC: National Academies Pr; 2015. Sharing clinical trial data - D. B. Taichman et al Rev Med Chile 2016; 144: 11-13


Revista Medica de Chile Enero 2016
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