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ARTÍCULO DE INVESTIGACIÓN 325 Muertes prematuras - R. Bächler et al dad de los datos consignados en el certificado de defunción. En el caso de Chile, la integridad del registro es prácticamente 100% y los certificados de defunción son emitidos básicamente por profesionales médicos, estas particularidades permiten garantizar la validez de los resultados obtenidos en la presente investigación. El conocimiento generado a partir de la presente investigación, además de entregar información epidemiológica respecto al problema de las muertes prematuras en Chile, permite identificar los grandes grupos de causas en los cuales sería recomendable implementar y/o reforzar programas preventivos. Un trabajo sistematizado en esta área, constituye la base para seguir avanzando en mejorar el nivel de salud de la población. Referencias 1. Health at a Glance 2011, OECD Indicators. Publicación disponible en: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/health_glance- 2011-en. 2. Departamento de Estadísticas e Información de Salud, Ministerio de Salud, Chile. Disponible en: http://www. deis.cl/ 3. Conti  S, Masocco M, Farchi G, Rezza G, Toccaceli V. Premature mortality in Italy during the first decade of the AIDS epidemic: 1984-1993. Int J Epidemiol 1997; 26 (4): 873-9. 4. OECD Health Data 2012. Definitions, Sources and Methods. Disponible en: http://www.oecd.org/health/ healthdat. 5. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision. Disponible en http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/ en. 6. García MC, Bastian B, Rossen LM, Anderson R, Miniño A, Yoon PW,  et al. Potentially Preventable Deaths Among the Five Leading Causes of Death-United States, 2010 and 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016; 65 (45): 1245-55. 7. Arcà M, di Orio F, Forastiere F, Tasco C, Perucci CA. Years of potential life lost (YPLL) before Age 65 in Italy. Am J Public Health 1988; 78 (9): 1202-5. 8. McDonnell S, Vossberg K, Hopkins RS, Mittan B. Using YPLL in Health Planning. Public Health Rep 1998; 113 (1): 55-61. 9. O’Shea E. Social gradients in years of potential life lost in Ireland. Eur J Public Health 2003; 13 (4): 327-33. 10. Mariotti S, D’Errigo P, Mastroeni S, Freeman K. Years of life lost due to premature mortality in Italy. Eur J Epidemiol 2003; 18 (6): 513-21. 11. Artnik B, Vidmar G, Javornik G, Laaser U. Premature Mortality in Slovenia in relation to selected biological, socioeconomic, and geographical determinants. Croat Med J 2006; 47 (1): 103-13. 12. Génova-Maleras R, Catalá-López F, de Larrea-Baz N, Álvarez-Martín E, Morant-Ginestar C. The burden of premature mortality in Spain using standard expected years of life lost: a population-based study. BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 787. 13. Poorolajal J, Esmailnasab N, Ahmadzadeh J, Motlagh TA. The Burden of Premature Mortality in Hamadan Province in 2006 and 2010 Using Standard Expected Years of Potential Life Lost: A Population-based Study. Epidemiol Health 2012; 34: e2012005. 14. Plass D, Chau PY, Thach TQ, Jahn HJ, Lai PC, Wong CM, et al. Quantifying the burden of disease due to premature mortality in Hong Kong using standard expected years of life lost. BMC Public Health 2013; 13: 863. 15. Rennert G. Premature mortality, Israel 1986. Isr J Med Sci 1992; 28 (7): 442-6. 16. Ramírez de Arellano AB. The death divide: differentials in premature mortality by gender in Puerto Rico. Bol Asoc Med P R 1992; 84: 11-4. 17. Humblet PC, Lagasse R, Leveque A. Trends in Belgian premature avoidable deaths over a 20 year period. J Epidemiol Community Health 2000; 54 (9): 687-91. 18. Semerl JS, Sesok J. Years of potential life lost and valued years of potential life lost in assessing premature mortality in Slovenia. Croat Med J. 2002; 43: 439-45. 19. Naci H, Baker TD. Productivity losses from road traffic deaths in Turkey. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2008; 15 (1): 19-24. 20. Vlajinac H, Marinkovic J, Kocev N, Sipetic S, Bjegovic V, Jankovic S, et al. Years of life lost due to premature death in Serbia (excluding Kosovo and Metohia). Public Health 2008; 122 (3): 277-84. 21. Santric Milicevic M, Bjegovic V, Terzic Z, Vukovic D, Kocev N, Marinkovic J, et al. Serbia within the European context: An analysis of premature mortality. Popul Health Metr 2009; 7: 12. 22. Kim KS, Kim SD, Lee SH. Trend of mortality rate and injury burden of transport accidents, suicides, and falls. J Prev Med Public Health 2012; 45 (1): 8-13. 23. Lukaschek K, Erazo N, Baumert J, Ladwig KH. Suicide mortality in comparison to traffic accidents and homicides as causes of unnatural death. An analysis of 14,441 cases in Germany in the year 2010. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2012; 9 (3): 924-31. Rev Med Chile 2017; 145: 319-326


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