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EDUCACIÓN MÉDICA la curva de aprendizaje mediante el desarrollo de experiencia en ambiente simulado, se minimizarían 526 los riesgos de: a) la práctica en situación real; b) el desempeño del egresado. La revisión de los artículos seleccionados evidencia que una educación basada en la metodología de simulación permite realizar actividades prácticas más seguras para la atención del paciente. Referencias 1. Aggarwal R, Mytton OT, Derbrew M, Hananel D, Heydenburg M, et al. Training and simulation for patient safety. Qual Saf Health Care 2010; suppl 2:i 34-43. 2. Baker GR, Norton PG, Flintoft V, Blais R, Brown A, Cox J, Etchells E, et al. The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada. CMAJ 2004; 170 (11): 1678-86. 3. Argullós JL, Palés C, Gomar S. El uso de las simulaciones en educación médica. Teoría de la Educación. Educación y Cultura en la Sociedad de la Información 2010; 11 (2): 147-70. 4. Bilotta FF, Werner SM, Bergese SD, Rosa G. Impact and implementation of simulation-based training for safety. Scientific World Journal 2013; 1-6. 5. Jensen UJ, Jensen J, Olivecrona G, Ahlberg G, Lagerquist B, Tornvall P. The role of a course based on the simulator in coronary angiography performance in the catheterization laboratory of real life. BMC Med Educ 2014; (12) 14: 49. 6. Sevdalis N, Hull L, Birnbach DJ. Improving patient safety in the operating theatre and perioperative care: obstacles, interventions, and priorities for accelerating progress. Br J Anaesth 2012; 109 Suppl 1:i3-i16. 7. Vyas D, Mc Culloh R, Dyer C Gregory G. An Interprofessional couse using human patient simulation to teach patient safety and teamwork skills. Am J, Pharm Educ 2012: 76 (4): 71. 8. Aggarwal R, Mytton OT, Derbrew M, Jananel D, Heydenburg M, Issenberg B, et al. Training and simulation for patient safety Qual Saf Health Care 2010; 19:i34-i43. Simulación en educación médica - P. Moya et al 9. Walker ST, Brett SJ, McKay A, Aggarwal R, Vincent C. The "Resus: Station": the use of clinical simulations in a randomised crossover study to evaluate a novel resuscitation trolley 2012; 83 (11): 1374-80. 10. Mileder LP, Urlesberger B, Szyld EG, Roehr CC, Schmölzer GM. Simulation-based neonatal and infant resuscitation teaching: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Klin Padiatr 2014; 226 (5): 259-67. 11. Weller J, Henderson R, Webster CS, Shulruf B, Torrie J, Davies E, et al. Building the evidence on simulation validity: comparison of anesthesiologists' communication patterns in real and simulated cases. Anesthesiology 2014; 120 (1): 142-8. 12. Vyas D, Bhutada NS, Feng X. Patient simulation to demonstrate students' competency in core domain abilities prior to beginning advanced pharmacy practice experiences. Am J Pharm Educ 2012; 76 (9): 176. 13. Sáiz Linares A, Susinos Rada T. El desarrollo de profesionales reflexivos: una experiencia en la formación inicial de médicos a través de simulación clínica. Revista de Docencia Universitaria 2014; 12 (2). 14. Sørensen JL, Van der Vleuten C, Lindschou J, Gluud C, Østergaard D, LeBlanc V, et al. 'In situ simulation' versus 'off site simulation' in obstetric emergencies and their effect on knowledge, safety attitudes, team performance, stress, and motivation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2013; 14: 220. 15. Fenik Y, Celebi N, Wagner R, Nikendei C, Lund F, Zipfel S, et al. Prepackaged central line kits reduce procedural mistakes during central line insertion: a randomized controlled prospective trial. BMC Med Educ 2013; 13: 60. 16. Kiersma ME, Plake KS, Darbishire PL. Patient safety instruction in US health professions education. J Pharm Educ 2011; 75 (8): 162. 17. Kirch DG, Boysen PG. Changing the culture in medical education to teach patient safety. Health Aff 2010; 29 (9): 1600-3. 18. Johnson MS, Latif DA, Gordon B. Medication error instruction in schools of pharmacy curricula: a descriptive study. Am J Pharm Educ 2002; 66 (4): 364-71. Rev Med Chile 2017; 145: 514-526


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