Consumo de tabaco y alcohol enadolescentes de 10 a 14 años de la ciudadde San Felipe, Chile: prevalencia y factores asociados

Abril 2016

465 Artículos de Investigación Rev Med Chile 2016; 144: 465-475 Consumo de tabaco y alcohol en adolescentes de 10 a 14 años de la ciudad de San Felipe, Chile: prevalencia y factores asociados JORGE GAETE1,2,3, ESTERBINA OLIVARES4,a, CRISTIAN A. ROJAS-BARAHONA5,b, MANUEL JOSÉ RENGIFO1,c, NICOLÁS LABBÉ1,c, LETICIA LEPE4,a, MAGDALENA SILVA4,a, CYNTHIA YÁÑEZ4,a, MEI-YEN CHEN6,d Smoking and alcohol use among Chilean teenagers aged 10 to 14 years Background: Smoking and alcohol use are risky behaviors that can start early in life. Aim: To determine the lifetime prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in adolescents aged 10 to 14 years and related factors. Subjects and Methods: A survey about smoking and alcohol use was answered by 1,392 teenagers aged 10 to 14 years (46% women) from seven schools in a small city near Santiago. Personal, family, and school factors were evaluated through self-report scales. Smoking and alcohol use, as dichotomous dependent variables, were defined as having consumed any of these substances throughout life. Prevalence was calculated as percentages with 95% confidence intervals. Association analyses were conducted using multivariable logistic regression models. Results: Six and eleven percent of participants reported having smoked and used alcohol in their life, respectively. Smoking was associated with age, having behavioral problems, mothers’ smoking, perceiving that parents had drug problems, and not living with both parents. Alcohol use was mainly associated with age, having behavioral problems, perceiving that other students consumed drugs, alcohol use by both parents, and perceiving a lack of family support. Conclusions: Tobacco and alcohol use is highly prevalent in adolescents aged 10-14 years. There were common risk factors for smoking and alcohol use such as age and having behavioral problems, while other factors were more specific such as mothers’ smoking, or parental alcohol use. (Rev Med Chile 2016; 144: 465-475) Key words: Adolescent; Alcohol Drinking; Risk Factors; Smoking. 1Escuela de Psicología, Universidad de los Andes. Santiago, Chile. 2Departamento de Salud Pública y Epidemiología. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de los Andes. Santiago, Chile. 3Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Universidad de Londres. Londres, Reino Unido. 4Escuela de Enfermería, Campus San Felipe. Universidad de Valparaíso. Valparíso, Chile. 5Facultad de Educación. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Santiago, Chile. 6College of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan. aEnfermera Universitaria, MSc. bPsicólogo, PhD. cPsicólogo. dEnfermera Universitaria, PhD. Recibido el 30 de marzo de 2015, aceptado el 29 de diciembre de 2015. Correspondencia a: Dr. Jorge Gaete. jgaete@uandes.cl jorge.gaete@lshtm.ac.uk El uso de tabaco y alcohol en adolescentes es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial1. En Chile también es una preocupación nacional, considerando que la prevalencia del consumo de cigarrillos en población escolar de 13 a 15 años es de las más altas del mundo2. Por ejemplo, en Chile, el consumo diario de tabaco fue de 7,3% en 20133, mientras que en Estados Unidos de Norteamérica fue de 4,7%4. Los estudios en población escolar de 8º Básico a 4° Medio, realizados por el Gobierno de Chile, muestran que, si bien, en los últimos años ha habido una disminución del consumo de cigarrillos, esta no ha sido significativa entre las mediciones de los años 2011 y 20133. Respecto del consumo de alcohol, este no ha tenido mayores variaciones en la última década, patrón


Abril 2016
To see the actual publication please follow the link above